Russia’s economy is resilient enough to withstand new Western sanctions and the country’s sovereign rating may be upgraded by the end of the year, a senior vice president at Moody’s Investor Service, said in an interview with Reuters.
“Our analysis is that the economy and public finances are in good shape and can withstand new sanctions,” Moody’s’ Kristin Lindow told Reuters late on Monday before the United States named major Russian businessmen on a list of oligarchs close to the Kremlin.
Russia’s economy, which is targeted by Western economic and financial sanctions since 2014, began to recover last year after a steep economic downturn, thanks to higher oil prices and some structural reforms implemented by the government.
Last week, Moody’s raised the country’s sovereign outlook to positive from stable just days before widely- anticipated reports on possible new U.S. sanctions against Russia.
The U.S. Treasury Department later released a list of people close to the Kremlin, casting a potential shadow of sanctions risk over a wide circle of wealthy Russians connected to president Vladimir Putin.
Moody’s outlook upgrade also came less than two months before Russia’s March presidential election, which President Vladimir Putin is widely expected to win.
“We were trying to send a message … that we think that the economy is resilient to new sanctions. And we also didn’t feel it was necessary to wait to assign a positive outlook until after the presidential election,” Lindow said.
Global rating agencies are on the watch now for a sovereign rating upgrade as higher oil prices eased concerns about Russia’s fiscal buffers, while the economy is on track to grow for the second year in a row.
Lindow said a decision on upgrading Russia’s rating could be made no later than in the next 12-18 months.
“What we’re looking for is a policy mix that we think has been adopted. A fiscal consolidation that would allow the deficit to be financed entirely domestically just in case new sanctions are imposed on Russian government debt. Similarly, the exchange rate to be a shock absorber,” Lindow said.
After the 2018 presidential election, which would lead to a new cabinet of ministers, Moody’s also expects to see “continuity in terms of personnel at the top of key ministries” and the same economic and financial lines to be pursued.